Protect your Raspberry PI SD card, use Read-Only filesystem



  • Hello Charles,
    I was wondering if I don't have entry about /tmp being a mount entry point for tmpfs neither in fstab nor mtab, what would be the point in moving things there? Am I missing something or?
    I am playing with Raspberry PI-2 and Raspbian Jessie.



  • This post is deleted!


  • Great article, thanx! To be able to use sudo i did have to add this line to /etc/fstab as well:

    tmpfs /var/lib/sudo/ts tmpfs nosuid,nodev 0 0



  • Has this tutorial worked for anyone? The 1st error is saw was under Move files to temp filesystem after running:

    touch /tmp/dhcpcd.resolv.conf; ln -s /tmp/dhcpcd.resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf

    Failed to create symbolic link ‘etc/resolv.conf’ file exists. Next after reboot see errors regarding “a start job is running for dhcpd on all interfaces..." The raspi fails to boot and see pi@raspberrypi: prompt. Thanks in advance for any insights!



  • I don't seem to be able to copy/paste from your crayon syntax highlighter widgets? The copy button doesn't work, nor does the button to expand the code.



  • OK, nice tutorial. But where (I mean about file) I have to place:

    rm -rf /var/lib/dhcp/ /var/lib/dhcpcd5 /var/run /var/spool /var/lock /etc/resolv.conf
    ln -s /tmp /var/lib/dhcp
    ln -s /tmp /var/lib/dhcpcd5
    ln -s /tmp /var/run
    ln -s /tmp /var/spool
    ln -s /tmp /var/lock
    touch /tmp/dhcpcd.resolv.conf; ln -s /tmp/dhcpcd.resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf



  • Nice guide. I used it on Stretch.

    • I had to symlink /var/lib/sudo/ts to /tmp because it gives an error every time running sudo, then I made a systemd service to make that folder
    • The /tmp/random-seed file does not get created at startup, even though I added the ExecStartPre line. It says success, but I can't figure out why that file isn't being created:
      Process: 97 ExecStartPre=/bin/echo a > /tmp/random-seed (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    • Stretch uses systemd-timesyncd, so there's no need for ntp and it would conflict.
    • I like the bash_logout idea to mount ro, but it fails because mount: only root can use "--options" option
    • Fail2ban isn't working. Anybody know if it's possible to configure that to monitor the busybox ring buffer?


  • I am following this article in order avoid any/every write to /var/log/ (for example /var/log/wtmp, /var/log/last.log etc.
    Is it possible?

    Note that by disabling rsyslog.service, I could suppress write to messages and syslog files.

    Using systemd mask operation I could mask systemd-update-utmp.service and systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service. However the wtmp and lastlog files are still updated.

    Please advise.



  • Great article, thanks! Can I use this tip to make a Pi print server for some voucher printers and it stay well when it be turned off? Do you suggest some type of memory to be installed on Pi in order to run this way?