Protect your Raspberry PI SD card, use Read-Only filesystem
Gregor Ratajc last edited by Gregor Ratajc
great tutorial, helped me a lot! Hopefully this will end my SD card corruption problems. One thing I noticed is that there is a constant error in syslog:
frequency file /var/lib/ntp/ntp.drift.TEMP: Read-only file system- ntp wants to write
driftfilebut is unable to. I fixed that so that
# /etc/ntp.conf, configuration for ntpd; see ntp.conf(5) for help driftfile /tmp/ntp.drift
Another thing - I added loggly integration so I'm able to debug my Pi after reboots when syslogs are gone. I kept
rsyslogand followed this guide (besides Python specific logging it also adds adds syslogs).
Thanks for the tip, I updated the tuturial according driftfile ;-)
I also updated to avoid the random-seed file problem
Bruce Aldridge last edited by
I've used this multiple times, great resource.
One thing that could be made clearer is the tmpfs additions to fstab, I missed them and couldn't ssh in
Christian Ferbar last edited by
Thanks a lot for this tutorial!
On debian jessie /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/var.conf chmods /var/spool to 0755. This means that /tmp is changed to 0755 as well because we changed /var/spool to point to /tmp. So the /var/spool line in /usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/var.conf has to be commented out.
/run and /run/lock are tmpfs already, maybe they are better softlink targets than /tmp.
xproto last edited by
I cannot SSH too, to my RPi. What I did is I created a symlink for sshd
ln -s /tmp /var/run/sshd
Great article btw Charles! :). Thanks!
xproto last edited by
Update: My mistake I missed the sysmlink for /var/run.
No need for my first comment.
Joo last edited by
There is a (rather new) Olimex single board card with onboard 4GB eMMC MLC/SLC Flash
Do you think this could be an answer to the corruption of data for an always on card ?
(with regular backup...of cours...) or the problem is not related to SD card ???
notmichael last edited by
I tried this tutorial twice and both times couldn't SSH in after the final reboot. I found this tutorial a little more helpful - http://petr.io/en/blog/2015/11/09/read-only-raspberry-pi-with-jessie/. I susptec the difference was the part they mentione specifically enables SSH after changing these settings. That tutorial also makes it a little more clear that you have to add three lines in /etc/fstab, not just add ro twice.
Ing.Fernando last edited by
Hi I successfully made my Pi Zero v 1.3 Read Mode, but a problem came up when I was trying to connect to internet with a 3g usb dongle.
First, the modem get connected to internet, but after a minute or less, it losed the connection, and then it reconnects, and the same story was looping forever.
After thinking, the problem was the DNS, because when the modem connects to internet, it changes the default DNS and tried to write the new DNS to the default file, here is the problem, the modem didn't notice that he cant write to the SD!
I took the solution from here: https://github.com/emoncms/emoncms/blob/master/docs/RaspberryPi/read-only.md
sudo rm /etc/resolv.conf
sudo ln -s /tmp/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf
sudo chmod 777 /tmp/resolv.conf.dhclient-new
sudo rm /etc/resolv.conf.dhclient-new
sudo ln -s /tmp/resolv.conf.dhclient-new /etc/resolv.conf.dhclient-new
sudo mv /sbin/dhclient-script /sbin/dhclient-script_original
sudo ln -s /home/pi/emonpi/dhclient-script_raspbian_jessielite /sbin/dhclient-script
Then rebooted and all worked fine, the 3g modem connected to the internet and never disconnected, then I successfully SSH with weaved.com service.
After that another problem came up, my system is a GPS tracker for public transport, so there is a GPS module in my system, and the GPS was not working for the same reason as the 3g modem.
I'm using a "Ublox Neo 6m GPS" and GPSD to get the required information.
When GPSD run at boot it tryes to write a configuration file to open the stream, but it cant because the Pi is in read mode, so we need to put in that file what GPSD write at boot.
To solve this, just edit this file: /etc/default/gpsd
Then edit as this:
DEVICES="/dev/ttyAMA0" #My GPS is connected via UART, change if yours is via USB or whatelse
Finally reboot and all will work fine.
So, if you are having a problem with a sensor or what else, first verify if the program who communicates with it needs to write sometime to the SD.
Thank you and greetings from Mexico!!!
FBorges last edited by
I've tried to complete tour tutorial but when I do the step "Move some system files to temp filesystem", I've detected that it result on a dbus problem that when the Raspberry is rebooted It can resolve the dhcp and hostname service.
Can anyone help me please?
cfreund last edited by
need to change UPEX4C_autoconfigfil in /usr/sbin/update-exim4.conf
willn last edited by
Will brick your Pi if you're running the new PIXEL distro. Any idea what's causing this?
dgatwood last edited by
You should really add some commentary about the tmpfs lines in /etc/fstab before the code listing. When I got to that step, I read that we were ready to set the volume to read-only, and thought, "I know how to do that," and stopped reading at that point, resulting in an unbootable system. I'd imagine many other folks with sysadmin experience will do the same. Actually, you should probably add the tmpfs lines first before you start making changes that depend on them, then make the changes, then change fstab a second time to make it read-only. Also, for Jessie, the systemd changes are unnecessary, because /run is already a tmpfs volume. And it might be worth redirecting things from /var/run to /run just for simplicity (on Jessie).
Bruno Duarte last edited by
How to fix this ?
Failed to execute operation: The name org.freedesktop.PolicyKit1 was not provided by any .service files
Must be root.
mjeanne last edited by
you need to be root..
mocart2 last edited by
Hello! Can anybody help me with user crontab file? I have problem: i installed raspbian in Read-only mode, i have some scripts, (cron jobs) that works every 5 minutes, 10 etc. I set it by crontab -e command, but after reboot, system is clean it, i think, because i moved /var/spool dir to tmpfs (like howto), and user cronjob file stored at /var/spool/cron/crontabs dir. How i can fix it for not clearing after system reboot? Thanks!
Cavallonzio last edited by
Did anyone figured out how to use crontab? it is wiped after reboot and i really need it :(
We need to put the system into Read Write Mode before changing the crontab
If you followed this tuto should be something like that
sudo mount -o remount,rw /
Then edit your crontab
sudo crontab -e
put pack in Read Only or reboot
sudo mount -o remount,ro /
Damian Mac last edited by
Charles you are going wrong. crontab -e give us file on /tmp which has been deleted on boot. We need to go this way:
nano /etc/crontab (dont forget to add user) example below:
- root /usr/bin/vpncheck.sh > /dev/null 2>&1